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On September 6-9, 2016 the UNESCO Chair of Life Sciences International Postgraduate Educational Center organized the 9th EMF International Workshop: Bioelectromagnetics and Water Science to Aid Environmental Health Defence in Garni, Armenia.

Life Sciences International Postgraduate Educational Center is currently inviting young researchers to work and take PhD courses at LSIPEC

UNESCO Chair in Life Sciences will present the results of the research carried out in the Center in International Conferences
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Books

 

 Bioelectromagnetics: Current Concepts.

 NATO Security through Science Series, Series B: Physics and Biophysics,

Edited by: Ayrapetyan S.N., Markov M. S. (2006), Springer Press , The Netherlands, p. 445.

 

 

 

SUMMARY

This volume includes the lectures and selected posters on different aspects of biological effects of EMF, presented at the NATO ADVANCED RESEARCH WORKSHOP “The mechanisms of biological effect of Extremely High Power Pulses (EHPP)” (3-5 March, 2005) and the UNESCO/WHO/IUPAB Seminar “Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of Biological Effects of EMF” (1-2 March 2005) that took place in Yerevan, Armenia. The gracious support of several international organizations made possible to bring together 47 scientists, engineers, physicians and policy makers from 21 countries from Europe, North and South America, Asia. The Capital of Armenia, Yerevan, provided an excellent opportunity for discussions of the experimental data and theoretical models of EMF effect on various levels, starting from cell aqua bathing medium to the whole organism, including the human, applying multidisciplinary approaches. The continuous increase of the number of man made EMF sources leads to dramatic changes in the spectrum of EMF in the biosphere. During the last two decades the public concern about potential hazard of EMF generated by power and distribution lines, as well as mobile communications and base stations have initiated serious public concern and has triggered the attention of the WHO, which reflected in the EMF project of harmonization of standards. At the same time, contemporary medicine largely uses EMF diagnostic methods. The beneficial effects of EMF are complemented with a large scale of EMF therapeutic modalities used in a number of countries, helping millions of people.
 

 

 

The Non-conductive Membrane Mechanisms in Weak Signal Transduction in Cell, 
Edited by: Ayrapetyan S. (2016) Scientific Research Publishing, (in progress)


 

 

SUMMARY

Membrane theory considers signal transduction in excitable cell as a membrane conductance change and rejects the electrogenic character of metabolic Na+/K+ pump. At present the existence of metabolic component of membrane potential is a proven fact. The present monography sketches the primary role of electrogenic Na+/K+ pump in regulation of  cell membrane function through changing the activity and the number of cell membrane protein molecules which have enzymatic, receptive, and ionic channel forming properties realized by pump-induced modulation of cell volume, membrane water fluxes and intracellular signaling systems. The electrogenic Na+/Kpump is considered as a fundamental metabolic mechanism through which the metabolic regulation of membrane counductive and noconductive  functions are realized.The book presents the data published in international Journals and books on metabolic controlling of cell hydration as an extrasensitive and universal messenger, through which the  threshold of signal transduction in neurons is realized. From this point of  view the nociceptive signal generation is explained by overhydration of nerve ending that brings to overexcitation as a  result of increasing the number of functionally active membrane proteins (channels, receptors and enzymes). The electromagnetic fields and infrasound, having intensity less than “thermal threshold” have modulation effect on microbes, plants ,molluscan neurons, excitable and non excitable cells of mammals. The final chapter discusses the hypothesis that aging-induced increase of nerve disorders is due to activation of cAMP–dependent Na+/Ca2+ exchange which initiates the apoptosis and necrosis cascades in neurons.

 

 

 

Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields, Sources and Mechanisms. Volume 1,

Edited by: Ayrapetyan S.N., Carpenter D.O. (1994) Academic Press, 369.


                         


SUMMARY

The electromagnetic spectrum includes everything from cosmic rays to power line fields. Electromagnetic waves are bundles of energy that have no mass, and visible light is the most familiar form of these waves. The most energetic forms of electromagnetic waves have sufficient energy to break chemical bonds; therefore, they are called ionizing radiation. The less energetic forms, nonionizing radiation, are not usually considered harmful to humans. At the lowest end of the electromagnetic spectrum, electric fields are distinguishable from magnetic fields, and both are generated by electricity.This book is about the biological effects of electromagnetic radiation in the nonionizing and lower-frequency range of the spectrum. At issue is the major question of whether there are significant biological effects from these very low-energy fields, and if so, how they interact with biological tissues to produce their effects. Many of the chapters in the two volumes focus on the electric and magnetic fields produced by electricity-a subject of much recent interest and controversy. Other chapters focus on higher-frequency fields such as those used in microwave ovens, radio and television signals, and other communications systems. Clearly, all of us in industrialized societies are constantly exposed to various intensities of such fields, Several chapters are included that summarize research conducted in the former Soviet Union, where views, somewhat different from those common in the West, have long been held regarding biological effects from these fields. The contributions to this volume deal with beneficial uses of electromagnetic fields in medicine and biology as well as with the possible harmful effects. The subject of biological effects of electric and magnetic fields is rapidly changing. In the volumes, the editors have tried to present a balanced review of current views and controversies.

 

 

 

Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields, Beneficial and Harmful Effects. Volume 2,

Ayrapetyan S.N., Carpenter D.O. (1994) Academic Press, 369.


 

 

SUMMARY

The electromagnetic spectrum includes everything from cosmic rays to power line fields. Electromagnetic waves are bundles of energy that have no mass, and visible light is the most familiar form of these waves. The most energetic forms of electromagnetic waves have sufficient energy to break chemical bonds; therefore, they are called ionizing radiation. The less energetic forms, nonionizing radiation, are not usually considered harmful to humans. At the lowest end of the electromagnetic spectrum, electric fields are distinguishable from magnetic fields, and both are generated by electricity.This book is about the biological effects of electromagnetic radiation in  the nonionizing and lower-frequency range of the spectrum. At issue is the major question of whether there are significant biological effects from these very low-energy fields, and if so, how they interact with biological tissues to produce their effects. Many of the chapters in the two volumes focus on the electric and magnetic fields produced by electricity-a subject of much recent interest and controversy. Other chapters focus on higher-frequency fields such as those used in microwave ovens, radio and television signals, and other communications systems. Clearly, all of us in industrialized societies are constantly exposed to various intensities of such fields, Several chapters are included that summarize research conducted in the former Soviet ~nion, where views, somewhat different from those common in the West, have long been held regarding biological effects from these fields. The contributions to this volume deal with beneficial uses of electromagnetic fields in medicine and biology as well as with the possible harmful effects. The subject of biological effects of electric and magnetic fields is rapidly changing. In the volumes, the editors have tried to present a balanced review of current views and controversies.

 

 

 

Magnetoreception and Mechanisms of Magnetic Fields Exposure on Biosystems
G. Grigorian (1999), Ayk, Yerevan

   

 

 

SUMMARY

The work deals with “Calcium-hydration” theory of initial physicochemical reactions of water medium of biosystems on the exposure of magnetic radiations. In this mechanism of interaction Calcium free ions have the role of a leading mediators of aqueous medium of the organism in magnetic field bioeffects. The universal character of this hypothesis is substantiated on the model of animals’ behavior. The Calcium free ions are considered as “Magnetoreceptors” that, in contrast to ferromagnetites, have no compass function, but they can take part in the generation of the common “Magnetic sensation” on the organism. Mechanisms of possible participation of Ca2+-cAMP system of the second messengers, as well as of endogenous opioids in the inhibitory action of magnetic fields of learning and memory in mammals are discussed. 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Pain Mechanisms and Management 
Edited by: Ayrapetyan S. and Apkaryan V. (1998) IOS Press, Netherlands , p. 390

 
 

 

SUMMARY

This volume represents the materials of the International Symposium on the Application of the Theory of Metabolic Regulation to Pain (NKR- Armenia). The lectures (with their discussions) of the participants from different countries, who are working on molecular, cellular, physiological, pharmacological and therapeutic aspects of pain, are presented here. The book is divided into six sections. The first section deals with the fundamental properties of the neuron, its metabolic regulation both in normal and ischemic states, and its molecular properties regarding axoplasmic transport and neurotransmission. The second section examines periheral and spinal cord mechanisms of apin, with a strong emphasis on receptor dynamics, neuro-immune modulation, and cellular and metabolic pathways underlying niciceptive physiology. The third section is composed of chapters regarding the subraspinal physiology of nociception and pain. Chapters in section four expound on the pharmacology of pain, and studies regarding molecular modeling and the use of natural resources for developing new drugs are presented. Section five deals with social issues regarding pain management, especially in disaster areas in countries with limited resources. Chapters in the sixth section are by Austrian pain researchers and clinicians who have conducted multi-centered studies regarding various approaches for clinical management of pain.

 

 

 

 

 

 Modern Problemns of Cellular and Molecular Biophysics.

Ayrapetyan S.N., North A.C.T. (2001) Noyan Tapan, Yerevan, p. 380.




 

SUMMARY

This volume represents a collection of selected reviews on modern approaches and newest achievements in various fields of cellular and molecular life sciences presented by distinguished scientists from different countries in recent UNESCO seminars organized by LSIPEC in collaboration with IBRO, IUPAB and WHO. The papers do indeed cover a very wide range, both of subject matter and of the level of sophistication of the methods used to obtain the results described. Part I, Cellular Biophysics, contains a number of topics in membrane biophysics, including the regulation of ion transport across cell membranes; the effects of ions, hormones and other metabolites on neural mechanisms; the biochemical processes that underline the mechanisms of learning and memory; intracellular and intercellular signaling mechanisms. In Part II, Molecular Biophysics, there are chapters on crystallographic, spectroscopic and electron microscopic methods for studying biomolecular structure and organization; on theoretical and computer-based methods for studying molecular conformation, protein/ligand and nucleic acid/ligand interactions and conformational changes in solution and the solid state; and molecular evolution.This volume can be used as a guidebook for life sciences departments’ students at the universities and young scientists, as well as adult researchers interested in modern problems in the fields of life sciences presented in the book.

 

 

 

 

Proceedings of FAO/UNESCO Subregional Workshop,

Agricultural Biotechnology and Biosafety for Food Security and

Rural Development in the Caucasus Region and Moldova

Edited by: Nichterlein K., Ayrapetyan S. (2003) Yerevan Armenia, FAO p. 175.


 

 

SUMMARY

The workshop on Agricultural Biotechnology and Biosafety for Food Security and Rural Development in the Caucasus Region and Moldova was jointly organized by the UNESCO Chair in Life Science, Life Science International Educational Center and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It was a follow-up activity of previous FAO needs assessment missions and the resulting report on Status of Agricultural Biotechnology and Biosafety in Selected Countries of the Balkans, the Caucasus and Moldova published in July 2003. The objective of the workshop was to offer research managers and decision-makers from the Caucasus and Moldova subregion an opportunity to discuss the outcome of the assessment, receive information on recent developments in the field of agricultural biotechnology and biosafety and to exchange updated biotechnology/biosafety information on their countries. In addition, the workshop aimed to analyse the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats for agricultural biotechnologies to contribute to food security and rural development in the region, to identify gaps analysed and to formulate draft project ideas to fill critical gaps for the successful application of agricultural biotechnologies.

 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

Ayrapetyan S.N. (ed.) (1990)Metabolic Regulation of Membrane Function. 

Proceedings of the 2nd All-Union symposium on the problem

"Membrane enzymology and permeability of membranes".

 Armenian Academy of Sciences Publishers, Yerevan, p 283.

 

 

Dvoretsky A.I, Ayrapetyan S.N., Shainskaya A.M., Chebotarev Y.Y. (1990) 

     The Membrane Ionic Transport upon the Effect of Ionic Radiation.

Naukovo Dumka Kiev p. 135.   

 

 

     


 

To order the Books or to get more detailed information, please contact: 
UNESCO Chair in Life Sciences - LSIPEC
Avan - Acharian St. 31, Yerevan 375040, Armenia
Tel: (3741) 61 24 61, Fax: (3741) 62 41 70
E-mail: info@biophys.am